General Nutritional and Lifestyle Guidelines to Reduce Risk of AMD

Smoking increases the risk of AMD; it is the most significant, modifiable risk factor for developing the disease.

Investigators have reported that other risk factors for AMD may include: high blood pressure, obesity, heavy alcohol use, frequent consumption of processed baked goods, and long-term exposure to the sun.

Some experts believe that consumption of fish (high in DHA and EPA, healthy fatty acids) and nuts may help protect people from developing AMD.

Recent studies have shown that the consumption of foods rich in antioxidants may lower AMD risk. Colorful fruits and vegetables, which are rich in the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin, may be protective, as well.